By William Woodruff
This ebook investigates the main alterations in international historical past and international economic climate prior to now years and explains to what volume international forces were chargeable for shaping either prior and current. Its underlying topic is the fight for energy within which, because the 16th century, the West has prevailed. a number of the difficulties of the modern global - together with terrorism - are the legacy of the interval of Western domination. until eventually the increase of the West, and its incomparable influence on each department of human task, the centre of the area has been in Asia. through the 19th century global energy was once firmly within the palms of the West. America's later upward thrust to global prestige used to be triggered by means of the 2 global wars. the main sought after of the Western countries, the U.S. is now blamed for all of the excesses of an prior colonial age.
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Extra resources for A Concise History of the Modern World: 1500 to the Present
The sale of muskets led to the emergence of the coastal Guinea states and the decline of the Sudan states. Armed with European weapons, Benin, Dahomey, Ashanti and Oyo rose to predominance. European intrusions on the west and east coasts also undermined the ancient trans-Saharan trade based on Timbuktu, and played havoc among the coastal towns and trading ports of the Indian Ocean. A westward shift of population, trade and shipping took place from the Indian Ocean to the Atlantic. Africa became linked with the other continents as never before.
In 1792-3 the French defeated an Anglo-Allied army in the Netherlands. Two years later (1795) the Netherlands, Prussia, several German principalities and Spain were forced to come to terms. In 1796 the French invaded northern Italy and southern Germany. (the dominant maritime power of the Middle Ages) was overwhelmed. Distinguishing himself in the Italian campaign was a young general, Napoleon Bonaparte 12 (1769-1821). In 1797, Austria the last of Britain's continental allies, was forced to sue for peace.
In time there grew up in Europe the legend of a Christian kingdom in East Africa. This kingdom of 'Prester John' was one of the things the Portuguese went in search of when in the fifteenth century they began to outflank the Muslims of north Africa and the Mediterranean by sea. Improvements in Portuguese naval technology and navigational aids enabled them to plot their positions on the high seas, and to forge their way down the African coast. , reached Ethiopia in 1487. Concerned to reach the trade of the Orient, Bartolomeu Dias rounded the Cape of Good Hope in that year.