By Nora C. England
This can be the 1st full-length reference grammar of Mam, a Mayan language spoken this day via over 400,000 humans within the western highlands of Guatemala and the country of Chiapas, Mexico. the results of over 3 years of intensive fieldwork in Guatemala, A Grammar of Mam, a Mayan Language is predicated at the dialect of Mam spoken via 12,000 humans in San Ildefonso Ixtahuacan within the division of Huehuetenango, Guatemala. England organizes A Grammar of Mam based on complementary rules: to investigate Mam following primarily conventional degrees of grammatical description and to provide fabric in the sort of method that the historical past info worthy for realizing each one subject of dialogue shall were formerly supplied. for that reason, England's research of the sound procedure and morphophonemic approaches of Mam is by means of an outline of the features of root, inflectional, and derivational morphology. Chapters on word constitution precede chapters on sentence-level syntax. A Grammar of Mam is of specific curiosity in interpreting a Mayan language that's either syntactically and morphologically ergative and that's cutting edge towards strengthening the ergative procedure. certainly in any respect degrees of linguistic association Mam is leading edge, and consequently it really is uniquely attention-grabbing either traditionally and theoretically.
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Additional resources for A Grammar of Mam, a Mayan Language (Texas linguistics series)
Lowing rules: 1. ' 'take/bring' ma txi wii7na 'I took it' Glottal stops which occur before glottalized consonants usually disappear: (~, ~, ~, 1, The participle, processive, and ~, ~), the glottal stop moves to that long vowel. 2. If the root has a long vowel followed by a nonresonant consonant, the glottal stop is deleted. 3. If the root has a short vowel, the glottal stop fol lows the stem formative vowel, which is short. - 3. ' b'iyo7kj- 'go and Mam, and their special characteristics. spond to root classes with the exception that positionals are a root class only.
Enclitics PreA + EncA: w- ¢- First person plural forms refer Set A 1 plural tinctions (England 1976a), and the enclitics something else, the possible distinctions. person system, as follows: 1 Histori -ya: -ya /V_ -a /C_ After vowels, and -~ varies freely with the forms -12 in the first person only. While I will gloss the combination of person prefixes and k-) A. -2s (-a 'V B. +2s (-a 'V -ya) C. -2p (-a 'V -ya) D. +2p (-a 'V -ya) -ya) PreA is always accompanied by EncA. The singularity of PreA demands exclusion of second person.
Which refers to either the agent or both the Table 2 shows the logically possible combinations of agent and patient incorporated into the verb, and the actually realized combinations. 1 Transitive Verbs Transitive roots are bound forms which can be inflected to form transitive verbs without derivation. Most roots are clearly transitive or not on the basis of whether they can be inflected immediately as transitive verbs; roots exist in Mam. tzuy- very few bivalent Example: by a 1. Marginal forms are indicated The analysis of the verb is: ma (recent past) + abso1utives + ok (directional) + ergatives + an- (stem, 'hit') + enclitic.