By Richard M. Hogg
First released in 1992, A Grammar of outdated English, quantity 1: Phonology was once a landmark book that during the intervening years has no longer been handed in its intensity of scholarship and usability to the sector. With the 2011 posthumous book of Richard M. Hogg's Volume 2: Morphology, Volume 1 is back in print, now in paperback, in order that students can personal this entire paintings.
- Takes account of significant advancements either within the box of previous English reports and in linguistic concept
- Takes complete good thing about the Dictionary of OldEnglish undertaking at Toronto, and comprises complete cross-references to the DOE facts
- Fully makes use of paintings in phonemic and generative concept and similar issues
- Provides fabric the most important for destiny learn either in diachronic and synchronic phonology and in ancient sociolinguistics
Chapter 1 advent (pages 1–9):
Chapter 2 Orthography and Phonology (pages 10–51):
Chapter three The Vowels in Germanic (pages 52–65):
Chapter four The Consonants in Germanic (pages 66–73):
Chapter five outdated English Vowels (pages 74–213):
Chapter 6 Unstressed Vowels (pages 214–245):
Chapter 7 outdated English Consonants (pages 246–300):
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Extra info for A Grammar of Old English: Phonology, Volume 1
1 [ã] is a retranscription of [æ], which Stockwell and Barritt take from Trager & Smith (1951). 27 Hockett (1959), followed by Antonsen (1972), argues, at least for WMerc as represented by Ps(A), that the digraphs represented phonemes distinct from those represented by the corresponding single graphs, thus agreeing with the traditional position against Stockwell and Barritt. But, he argues, these phonemes were central vowels rather than diphthongs. Hence 〈io〉 = /÷/, 〈eo〉 = /v/, 〈ea〉 = /Œ/1 and similarly for the long members of each pair.
3 Occasional 〈æa〉 spellings can be observed throughout the period, but they are without phonological significance except in so far as they confirm the pronunciation of the first element. 1 Jordan (1974: §58) suggests that even in the case of the short diphthong the first element might have been slightly raised in S dialects at least, see Hallqvist (1948: 9–46). 12. pl. and similar forms in the same ms. 45 and n1. 3 In bæurnæ breaking is found despite the Nbr provenance. 44n1. 34 probably apply also to instances of 〈Ba〉 due to the influence of palatal consonants on *R.
Their claim is dependent upon the acceptance of generative phonological theory, which permits reversal of completed mergers and as such is probably unacceptable, see Weinreich, Labov and Herzog (1968: 147–8), also Lass (1983: 174–5). Another argument against this proposal concerns the relative ordering of sound changes. ), by which, for example, *dboru > dbor ‘animals’. But diphthongs due to back umlaut do not cause such loss, for example, liomu ‘limbs’. Thus Lass and Anderson’s position is internally contradictory.