By Henry Griffiths
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As waves of epidemic sickness swept the Philippines within the overdue 19th century, a few colonial physicians started to worry that the indigenous inhabitants will be burnt up. Many Filipinos interpreted the contagions as a harbinger of the Biblical Apocalypse. even though the direct forebodings went unfulfilled, Philippine morbidity and mortality premiums have been the world's optimum through the interval 1883-1903.
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Extra resources for A handbook of veterinary parasitology : domestic animals of North America
The spatial organization of the branches, including the order of the nodes, is the tree topology. A clade without all descendants is paraphyletic. For example, A and C with their last common ancestor forms a paraphyletic group because they do not contain B, which is one of the descendants of the last common ancestor of A and C. The clade A, which does not contain the last common ancestor of all of the members, Phylogenetic Analysis Especially in Relation to Fungi 19 is polyphyletic. This kind of grouping is the most counter intuitive and should be avoided.
Epitypes are increasingly being designated in mycology today for sequenced material where DNA has not or cannot be recovered from the namebearing type. Later acts of typification have to be stated explicitly from January 1, 2001, and registration of such acts in nomenclatural databases, notably MycoBank and Index Fungorum, is now actively encouraged and may become mandatory in due course. Illustrations are only acceptable as types before December 31, 2006. Exceptions are for nonfossil microfungi where a specimen either cannot be preserved or would not show the diagnostic features.
1825. Consequently, on priority of date, the single correct name for the fungus is now Trichoderma viride, irrespective of the kind of spores formed. When monographing Penicillium, Pitt  was forced by the rules then in force to create numerous names that could not be used under Penicillium as the sexual morph was present in the type. Consequently, for instance, he described P. O. B. O. Dodge 1933 that included the sexual morph in the type. Under the new rules, Penicillium Link 1809 predates Eupenicillium F.