By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Board on Radiation Effects Research, Committee to Review the Dose Reconstruction Program of the Defense Threat Reduction Agency
From 1945 via 1962, the united states atmospheric nuclear guns checking out software concerned millions of army and civilian team of workers, and a few of them have been uncovered to ionizing radiation. Veterans' teams have seeing that been involved that their participants' well-being was once plagued by radiation publicity linked to participation in nuclear exams and feature stressed Congress for incapacity repayment. a number of items of laws were handed to compensate either army and civilian team of workers for such future health results. Veterans' issues concerning the accuracy of reconstructed doses brought on Congress to have the overall Accounting workplace (GAO) overview the dose reconstruction software used to estimate publicity. The GAO examine concluded that dose reconstruction is a sound approach to estimating radiation dose and will be used because the foundation of repayment. It additionally prompt an self sufficient evaluation of the dose reconstruction application. the results of that advice was once a congressional mandate that the safeguard chance relief organization (DTRA), part of the dep. of safety, ask the nationwide learn Council to behavior an self sufficient evaluation of the dose reconstruction application. in line with that request, the nationwide study Council proven the Committee to study the Dose Reconstruction application of the security danger aid supplier within the Board on Radiation results examine (BRER).
The committee randomly chosen pattern files of doses that were reconstructed by way of DTRA and thoroughly evaluated them. The committee's document describes its findings and gives responses to the various questions which were raised via the veterans.
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Additional info for A Review of the Dose Reconstruction Program of the Defense Threat Reduction Agency
For example, external exposure to radionuclides deposited on the ground or other surfaces often is the most important pathway of external exposure at the NTS and in the Pacific. Direct exposure to radiation (neutrons and higher-energy photons) produced in a detonation occurred only when a veteran was relatively close to ground zero and the radiation was not completely absorbed during transport from the source to the receptor location. This pathway is relevant, for example, to participants at the NTS who observed shots from trenches that were within a few kilometers of ground zero.
24 DOSE RECONSTRUCTION PROGRAM OF THE DTRA information for use by SAIC in estimating doses to the veterans. As of September 30, 2002, 4,048 partial or total dose reconstructions had been performed for specific veterans (Schaeffer, 2002a). Since the inception of the program, the responsibilities of DTRA (then DNA) and the Department of Veterans Affairs (then the Veterans Administration) have been different. DTRA is responsible for confirming service status and reconstructing doses, and VA is the primary avenue of contact for a veteran and is responsible for determining eligibility for compensation.
A veteran seeking compensation can file a claim with VA. To resolve claims, VA uses one of two processes, depending on the specific type of disease being claimed. 309, if the veteran was a confirmed participant and has one of the 21 cancers presumed to be radiogenic, the veteran is eligible to receive compensation regardless of dose. 311. It applies to diseases that are not presumed to be caused by radiation exposure but could be linked to radiation if the veteran’s dose was high enough. Alternatively, the veteran can supply evidence that the condition can be caused by radiation, that is, is a radiogenic disease.