By F. Nihan Ketrez
A pupil Grammar of Turkish is a concise creation to Turkish grammar, designed in particular for English-speaking scholars and pros. Written with the wishes of the learner greatly in brain, it units out the grammar of the language in a transparent and jargon-free type. The publication not just explains the basics of the grammar, but additionally exams scholars' knowing in an interactive approach with greater than 2 hundred routines. Key grammar issues are summarised in tables and there are many illustrative examples. an inventory of grammatical phrases utilized in the e-book and a key to the entire workouts also are supplied. This crucial grammar and workout booklet can be utilized as a complement for college students learning the language, with a twin functionality as a reference consultant to seem up grammar issues, and as a source from which workouts should be set and language abilities practised.
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Extra info for A Student Grammar of Turkish
You cannot do this with ile/-(y)lA. ˙ is not used in a flavor sense (vanilyalı), and lI is not used in an instrument sense (b) Ile (anahtarla). (c) We use -lI when the object or property that we attach it to is a part of the person or the object (height of a person, eye color, hat). ˙ is external and usually used with a verb. You do something with something. (d) Ile Exercise 15 Fill in the blanks with either -(y)lA or -lI. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 40 Ahmet Marmaris’e otob¨us gidiyor. ve ¸seker ic¸iyor.
Istanbul’daki [b¨uy¨uk - oteller - havuz - y¨uzme] c¸ok pahalı. [numara - ev - telefon - Ekrem Enis¸te] hic¸ kimse bilmiyor mu? ¨ [Kars¸ılas¸tırmalı Edebiyat - Bilgi - B¨ol¨um - Universite] hangi kamp¨uste? Ben [k¨ut¨uphaneler - koku - kitap - eski] bayılırım. Hepimiz [anneannem - baklava - bayram] o¨ zledik. ¨ [Bo˘gazic¸i - yabancı - Universite - o¨ g˘ renci] kamp¨uste mi kalıyor? [Dedem- yavrular - k¨opek - av] c¸ok ¸sirinler. [Bursa - cami - minare] ne kadar y¨uksek. Genitive and possessive Exercise 11 Fill in the blanks with genitive and possessive markers and then choose the appropriate kinship term from the list below.
When they are attached to word stems, the primary word stress falls on the syllable preceding these suffixes: -(y)DI -(y)mIs¸ -(y)sA -(y)ken -CA -CAsInA -DIr -leyin Negative -mA -mAdAn -(y)ArAk -(y)lA ki da arabaydı ´ erk´enmis¸ yas¸l´ıysa sokaktayken ´ gizl´ıce anlam´ıs¸casına aram´ıs¸tır, mutfaktadır ´ sabahleyin ´ arama ´ aramadan ´ arayarak ´ arabayla, memnuniy´etle ´ diyorlar ´ ki d¨u¸su¨ n¨uyorum ´ da Interestingly, the stress on the following words is an exception. Although they have the suffix -CA, they are stressed on the first syllable (not on the syllable that precedes -CA).