Download Air Pollution Effects on Biodiversity by Jerry R. Barker, David T. Tingey (auth.), Dr. Jerry R. PDF

By Jerry R. Barker, David T. Tingey (auth.), Dr. Jerry R. Barker, Dr. David T. Tingey (eds.)

Biodiversity is the fragile ecological stability inside organic platforms corresponding to species and populations. proof indicates pollution disrupts and impoverishes ecosysytems methods, and genetic and inhabitants range. in keeping with a symposium carried out by means of the EPA's Environmental examine Laboratory, this publication pulls jointly present wisdom at the topic, assesses its relevance, and provides a framework for destiny examine at the effect of pollution on biodiversity via all degrees of organic association. this article is very well timed because of acid rain and different poisonous difficulties. The textual content additionally discusses the simplest to be had keep watch over know-how, administration practices, replacement chemical compounds, and legislative how one can decrease the influence of pollution on biodiversity.

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2:35-46. Chapter 2: Biological Diversity in an Ecological Context 27 Part II Overview of Air Pollution Exposure and Effects 3 Air Pollution Transport, Deposition, and Exposure to Ecosystems David Fowler INTRODUCTION This review chapter outlines the major processes influencing the transport, transformation, and deposition of the major pollutant gases and their oxidation products SOl- N03- in aerosols and cloud drOplets. The gases considered include those from fossil fuel combustion, sulfur dioxide (S02)' nitric oxide (NO), nitrogen dioxide (N02)' and to a lesser extent hydrogen chloride (Hel); the major gaseous products of photochemical smog, ozone (03)' and peroxy-acetyl nitrate (PAN); and the most important regional pollutant resulting from agricultural activity, ammonia~).

Log-normal distribution of abundance. B. Geometric distribution of abundance, implying strong dominance. C. Log-normal distribution of abundances after reduction of rare species and increases in dominance. D. Log-normal cistribution after reductions in dominant species and increases in evenness. A change in species diversity could include both the length and the shape of the dominance-diversity curve (Figure 2-1). For example, air pollution might eliminate particularly vulnerable species, thus truncating the sequence of species.

In Biodiversity, ed. O. M. Peter. pp. 51-57. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. 48. C. 1988. Ecological diversity in coastal zones and oceans. In Biodiversity, ed. O. Wilson and FM. Peter, pp. 36-50. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. 49. H. Knight. 1982. Landscape diversity: The concept applied to Yellowstone Park. BioScience 32:664-70. 50. M. Chambers, B. MacBryde, and W. Lawrence Thomas, eds. 1983. Genetics and conservation. Menlo Park, CA: Benjamin/Cummings Publishing. 51. • and S.

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