Download Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Concepts, by Keith McBurnett, Linda Pfiffner PDF

By Keith McBurnett, Linda Pfiffner

Compiling the services and study of some of the so much widely-cited opinion leaders within the box, this reference spans the etiology, overview, and administration of ADHD and covers all of the crucial facts required to take care of sufferers with this disease together with scientific definitions, psychosocial administration ways, drugs dosing levels, and developments in public coverage and third-party repayment

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Extra resources for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Concepts, Controversies, New Directions

Sample text

When the central auditory nervous system is stimulated with dichotic speech materials, the weaker ipsilateral ascending pathways tend to be suppressed, and the neural impulses travel up the predominant contralateral pathways to reach the auditory temporal areas. Because the language processing region resides in the left hemisphere for most individuals, stimuli presented to the left ear must ultimately cross over from the right hemisphere to the left-dominant hemisphere, via the corpus callosum.

Specific ADHD-related behaviors appear to be associated with positive illusory beliefs of self-competence, although there is currently a paucity of research addressing this issue. However, Owens and Hoza (20) studied the presence and extent of overly positive views of academic self-competence in children with symptoms characteristic of ADHD, and discovered that hyperactive/impulsive symptoms were more closely related to positive illusions of academic competence than were inattentive symptoms. In other words, the self-reports of children exhibiting hyperactive/impulsive symptoms were found to be overly positive when compared both to the children’s own achievement test scores and to their teachers’ reports.

To that end, a comprehensive neuropsychological evaluation including assessment of intelligence, neuropsychological functioning, academic achievement and psychological functioning is often clinically indicated for individuals with ADHD. 21 22 Ellenberg and Kramer USE OF INTELLIGENCE TESTING IN ADHD In order to establish a differential diagnosis of ADHD, several conditions that include problems in attention most be ruled out. According to the DSM-IV, individuals with mental retardation and pervasive developmental disorders may meet behavioral criteria for ADHD and need to be differentiated from individuals with true ADHD.

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