Download Auguste Comte: Volume 1: An Intellectual Biography (Auguste by Mary Pickering PDF

By Mary Pickering

This ebook constitutes the 1st quantity of a projected two-volume highbrow biography of Auguste Comte, the founding father of glossy sociology and a philosophical circulate referred to as positivism. quantity One bargains a reinterpretation of Comte's "first career," (1798-1842) while he accomplished the medical origin of his philosophy. It describes the interaction among Comte's principles and the historic context of postrevolutionary France, his struggles with poverty and psychological disorder, and his risky relationships with acquaintances, family members, and associates, together with such recognized contemporaries as Saint-Simon, the Saint-Simonians, Guizot, and John Stuart Mill. Pickering exhibits that the guy who known as for a brand new social philosophy in accordance with the sciences used to be not just ailing comfortable within the most simple human relationships, but in addition profoundly puzzled the facility of the simply clinical spirit to regenerate the political and social international.

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Extra info for Auguste Comte: Volume 1: An Intellectual Biography (Auguste Comte Intellectual Biography)

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To various degrees, these scientific perspectives would become the basis of social science, which would assume that the collectivity behaved according to natural laws and was a more important object of research than the individual. 104 In his famous study, La Jeunesse d'Auguste Comte, Henri Gouhier pointed out that this scientific outlook was the only one that was taught to the young Comte and it thus naturally dictated his approach to social regeneration. 105 Frederick Hayek in The Counter-Revolution of Science went further than Gouhier in demonstrating Comte's narrowness.

On the changing role of writers, see Paul Benichou, Le Sacre de Vecrivain, 1-750-1830: Essai sur Vavenement d'un pouvoir spirituel laique dans la France modeme, 2d ed. (Paris: Jose Corti, 1973; Paris: Jose Corti, 1985). In early 1815 Comte recommended two books by Sylvestre-Frangois Lacroix and Lazare Carnot to Valat and told him that if he meditated on them, he would learn the "metaphysics" of calculus, that is, its basic principles. Comte to Valat, February 14, 1815, CG, 1:8. See also Comte to Valat, January 2, 1815, CG, 1:6.

In this essay, Comte lamented that the French people were unable 112 113 114 Comte may have come into contact with such celebrated professors as Jacques Lordat, J. Delpech, Clement-Victor-Franc,ois-Gabriel Prunelle, and Augustin Pyrame de Candolle. The great exponent of vitalism, Paul-Joseph Barthez, had died there only ten years before, in 1806. : Johns Hopkins University Press, 1967), 25, 54See Barry Barnes, Scientific Knowledge and Sociological Theory (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1974), 48-9, 164-snz.

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