By Matthew A. Jendian
Jendian offers a picture of the oldest Armenian neighborhood within the western usa. He explores assimilation and ethnicity throughout 4 generations and examines ethnic identification and intermarriage. He examines cultural, structural, marital, and identificational assimilation for styles of swap (assimilation) and endurance (ethnicity). Assimilation and ethnicity co-exist as , slightly autonomous, methods. Assimilation isn't really a unilinear or zero-sum phenomenon, yet really multidimensional and multidirectional. destiny examine needs to comprehend the varieties ethnicity takes for various generations of alternative teams whereas analyzing styles of switch and endurance for the fourth new release and past
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Extra info for Becoming American, Remaining Ethnic: The Case of Armenian-americans in Central California
By the end of the 1970s and the beginning of the 1980s, researchers of ethnicity had concluded that in spite of assimilation some percentage and some form of ethnic identity often remains in the second, third, and even later generations” (Isajiw 1990:45). Studies now tried to understand this form of ethnic identity, and it came to be described as “dime store ethnicity” (Stein and Hill 1977), “symbolic ethnicity” (Gans 1979), and “emergent and situational” (Yancey, Ericksen, and Juliani 1976). —I surmise that the author is referring to the new form(s) of ethnicity.
Mere identification with a group does not imply that the ethnic identity is strong, as Herbert Gans’ (1979) thesis of symbolic ethnicity suggests” (Alba and Chamlin 1983:247). Gans (1979) originally described symbolic ethnicity as the near-end stage of the “straight-line” theory of assimilation. Alba (1985a, 1985b) has described later-generation white ethnics as entering the “twilight of ethnicity” in which they do not rely upon the ethnic culture and institutions in their daily lives. Rather, they come to merely use the visible symbols of ethnicity at their convenience to satisfy their needs for belonging.
An example of symbolic ethnicity is an individual who identifies as Armenian, for example, on occasions such as Armenian Martyrs’ Day (April 24th), Armenian Christmas (January 6th), on family holidays, or for vacations. He or she usually does not speak Armenian, belong to Armenian-American organizations, attend an Armenian church, live in an Armenian neighborhood, or marry a person of Armenian descent. In this case, ethnic identity is reduced to a single component of one’s self concept which, in an appropriate time and place, can be brought to the fore, expressed, and experienced as a source of pride.