Download Bertrand Russell’s Philosophy of Language by Robert J. Clack (auth.) PDF

By Robert J. Clack (auth.)

RUSSELL AND THE LINGUISTIC PHILOSOPHY I t is usually said that Bertrand Russell performed a necessary position within the so-called "revolution" that has taken position in 20th century Anglo-American philosophy, the revolution that has led many philo­ sophers nearly to equate philosophy with a few type - or types - of linguistic research. His contributions to this revolution have been ­ fold: (I) including G. E. Moore he led the winning insurrection opposed to the neo-Hegelianism of Idealists comparable to Bradley and McTaggert; (2) back with Moore he supplied a lot of the impetus for a a bit progressive manner of doing philosophy. (I) and (2) are, in fact, shut­ ly similar, because the new approach of philosophizing will be acknowledged to consti­ tute, largely, the insurrection opposed to Idealism. Be this because it may perhaps, how­ ever, the real truth for current attention is that Russell used to be a massive impression in turning Anglo-American philosophy within the path it has to that end taken - towards what might be termed, fairly normal­ ly, the "linguistic philosophy. " regrettably, notwithstanding his significance as a precursor of the linguistic philosophy is famous, the right feel within which Russell himself could be thought of a "philosopher of language" has now not, to the current time, been sufficiently clarified. beneficial beginnings were made towards an research of this query, yet they've been, withal, in simple terms commence­ nings, and not anything like an sufficient photo of Russell's total philoso­ phy of language is almost immediately available.

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A large part of the bearing of mathematical logic upon ontology consists in diminishing the number of objects required in order to make sense of statements which we feel to be intelligible. The only reason for this process of whittling away is to avoid rash and unwarranted assumptions. If our ordinary empirical statements are to be significant, they must ... point to something outside words. " 1 I have quoted Russell at length here because it seems to me that nowhere else does he characterize his general philosophical method so explicitly, particularly those aspects of his philosophy which have bearing on his philosophy of language.

P. , p. , p. 174. 3 Cf. , p. , pp. , p. 174. THE USES OF RECONSTRUCTIONISM parts that are themselves symbols, is complex. It follows from this that the meaning of a description is determinate, for if the meanings of its parts are given, its meaning is given. The meaning of a name, however, is indeterminate, because it means only what it is arbitrarily designated to name. 1 If descriptions do not function as names, there is no special problem connected with those descriptions that do not satisfy the uniqueness condition.

Not only do ordinary proper names really function as descriptions rather than names, the entities they ostensibly name are not such as can legitimately be said to be bearers of proper names. In a sense this is much the same point as the one already made; only objects of acquaintance can be named, and persons are not such objects. In another sense, however, this is a quite different criticism of ordinary proper names than the one just examined. "2 This point is clearly, if somewhat crudely, formulated in M.

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