By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology, Committee on Challenges for the Chemical Sciences in the 21st Century
Chemistry and chemical engineering have replaced considerably because the Nineteen Nineties. they've got broadened their scope - into biology, nanotechnology, fabrics technological know-how, computation and complex tools of strategy structures engineering and keep an eye on - lots that the programmes in so much chemistry and chemical engineering departments now slightly resemble the classical proposal of chemistry. "Beyond the Molecular Frontier" brings jointly examine, discovery and invention around the complete spectrum of the chemical sciences - from primary, molecular-level chemistry to large-scale chemical processing know-how. This displays the way in which the sector has developed, the synergy at universities among examine and schooling in chemistry and chemical engineering, and how chemists and chemical engineers interact in undefined. The advancements in technology and engineering in the course of the twentieth century have made it attainable to dream of recent targets that may formerly were thought of unthinkable. This e-book identifies the main possibilities and demanding situations for the chemical sciences, from simple learn to societal wishes and from terrorism defence to environmental safety, and it appears on the ways that chemists and chemical engineers can interact to give a contribution to a much better destiny.
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Additional info for Beyond the Molecular Frontier: Challenges for Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
Org/. SYNTHESIS AND MANUFACTURING 35 otic materials of construction than we now have available. Demands for greater capital, energy, and material efficiency will require the development of process systems that are more tightly integrated. Such systems will need greater mass and energy recycling, more by-product reuse, and advances in computer-aided, plantwide process control. Only with such advances will it be possible to maintain safety, reliability, flexibility, operability, and economic performance in highly integrated systems.
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Pedersen received Nobel prizes in 1987 for their work on molecular complexes. There is another approach that is increasingly part of synthesis: the use of enzymes as catalysts. This approach is strengthened by the new ability of chemists and molecular biologists to modify enzymes and change their properties. There is also interest in the use of artificial enzymes for this purpose, either those that are enzyme-like but are not proteins, or those that are proteins but based on antibodies. Catalytic antibodies and nonprotein enzyme mimics have shown some of the attractive features of enzymes in processes for which natural enzymes are not suitable.