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By J. Crossland

James Crossland's paintings lines the historical past of the foreign Committee of the pink go' fight to convey humanitarianism to the second one international struggle, through targeting its tumultuous dating with one of many conflict's key belligerents and masters of the blockade of the 3rd Reich, nice Britain.

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Extra info for Britain and the International Committee of the Red Cross, 1939–1945

Sample text

It was a series of direct negotiations between the British and the Germans that led to POW exchanges and mitigation, to varying degrees, of prisoner privations. This belligerent-to-belligerent form of humanitarian diplomacy cut the ICRC out of an equation that its leadership felt lay within its purview. ’60 The fact that neither role guaranteed the ICRC a place of prominence in the Britain and the Red Cross 33 humanitarian diplomacy of the First World War was symptomatic of the trend towards marginalization of the Committee that had been in play, arguably, since the signing of the First Geneva Convention.

Rumbold’s partner in the British delegation, Sir George Warner, also opposed, unsuccessfully, the codification of the requirement that the ICRC act as the central hub for collecting and storing POW capture information and mail, on the grounds that the Committee’s exertions in this area during the war were ‘not very satisfactory’. 67 The British intention was clear and more overt than it had ever been in relations with the ICRC: the Committee’s role was to be reduced, not expanded, in future conflicts.

67 The British intention was clear and more overt than it had ever been in relations with the ICRC: the Committee’s role was to be reduced, not expanded, in future conflicts. Des Gouttes’s other objective, to ‘tighten up’ IHL pertinent to POWs through more precise wording and articles of minutiae, was also out of step with the Anglo-American position, which favoured a more concise guideline on how to treat prisoners. The purpose of this idea was to provide belligerents with the flexibility to respond to the changing conditions of future wars, that more detailed articles would lack.

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