By Jennifer Wilcox
This ebook methods the power technology sub-field carbon catch with an interdisciplinary dialogue dependent upon basic chemical options starting from thermodynamics, combustion, kinetics, mass move, fabric homes, and the connection among the chemistry and strategy of carbon seize applied sciences. power technological know-how itself is a huge box that spans many disciplines -- coverage, arithmetic, actual chemistry, chemical engineering, geology, fabrics technology and mineralogy -- and the writer has chosen the fabric, in addition to end-of-chapter difficulties and coverage discussions, that supply the mandatory instruments to students.
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Extra info for Carbon Capture
With this heavy reliance on coal for advancing electrification in these regions, there will be an inevitable increase in CO2 emissions. Mitigation of CO2 via carbon capture will require CO2 transport. This chapter focuses on the compression and transport of CO2 after capture. 1 Thermodynamic Properties of CO2 Pipeline transport of CO2 requires CO2 to be compressed and then cooled to the liquid state, since CO2 -gas transport would result in a higher pressure drop per unit of pipeline and lower throughput for a given pipe diameter .
Image courtesy of Yangyang Liu, using a JEOL JSM 5600 Scanning Electron Microscope, (2009) School of Earth Sciences, Stanford University 32 1 Introduction to Carbon Capture 2. EIA (2011) Annual Energy Outlook Energy Information Administration. S. Department of Energy, Washington, DC 3. Solomon S, Plattner GK, Knutti R, Friedlingstein P (2009) Irreversible climate change due to carbon dioxide emissions. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106(6):1704–1709 4. (a) Ramanathan V, Feng Y (2008) On avoiding dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system: Formidable challenges ahead.
Heat exchangers are used to condense the energy-drained steam from the turbines; 8. Pumps are used to return the condensed water to the boiler, where the cycle is then repeated; and 9. Pollution control devices are used to scrub the flue gas of NOx (selective catalytic reduction), particulate matter (electrostatic precipitators and/or fabric filters), and SO2 (calcium-based flue gas desulfurization units or lime spray dryers). Some power utilities are also equipped with activated carbon injection processes to capture mercury emissions; currently there are no full-scale CO2 capture methods in place.