By J. J. C. Smart (auth.), John Heil (eds.)
T is expounded that there's no growth in philosophy. the semblance of status I nonetheless, despite the fact that, arises simply once we lose sight of our background and so fail to spot the gap we now have travelled. Philosophers these days locate noticeable principles and topics that, because it occurs, emerged slowly and painfully and mostly in response to triumphing sensibilities. The essays the following honour a guy to whom present-day philosophy owes a lot: Charles Burton Martin. In reflecting alone on-going and a bit chaotic philosophical schooling, i locate substantial facts of Charlie Martin's effect. After departing graduate college, one of many first papers I succeeded in publishing consisted of an assault on Martin and Deutscher's 'Remembering'. ' After that, Charlie kind of vanished from my awake understanding till the wintry weather of 1985, after we seemed jointly in a colloquium on the japanese department conferences of the yank Philosophical organization. even supposing Charlie was once nominally a commentator on a paper i used to be supplying, his 'comments' contained extra philosophy and went significantly past the tentative and hugely circumscribed thesis I had elected to shield. while my concentration were on a tiny function of Hilary Putnam's argument opposed to realism, Charlie went instantly for the jugular, addressing concerns that instantly took us into deep water.
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Extra resources for Cause, Mind, and Reality: Essays Honoring C.B. Martin
These cases of unqualified intention differ from cases where other agents also play a part in determining what S does. Thus, for example, an applicant for Oxford may have the following qualified intentions: i. Intention 1: to go to Exeter College-if that is how it turns out. ii. Belief: if I go to Exeter College, I cannot go to Balliol. iii. Intention 2: to go to Balliol College-if that is how it turns out. For in this case, the point of the added qualifier 'if that is how it turns out' is to show that I do not have an unqualified intention to do a.
And so S is more blameworthy in the case of these inconsistent intentions than in the parallel case of belief. But is this greater criticisability the basis for a charge of greater irrationality? 4 suggests that it is. The point of forming an intention is to determine what one will do. ' In the case of intentions known to be inconsistent, we undermine the point of forming each of the two intentions-since we have not succeeded in either case in determining what we will do at t2. Since it rests with us to fix what we will do, we are in this case leaving the future completely undetermined by undermining the one mechanism which can fix 'In cases where there is a single time for action t2.
INTENTION 37 I conclude from this that the consistency requirements on intentions are stricter than on the parallel case of non-intention-based beliefs about my future actions. Therefore, if intention-based beliefs obey as stringent conditions as those on intentions, this is because they are based on intentions rather than because they are (non-inferential) beliefs. This feature must be explained by the theory of intention, as it is not a consequence of their status as beliefs. At this point, three caveats should be mentioned.