Download Classical Music (Eyewitness Companions) by John Burrows PDF

By John Burrows

Classical Music covers three hundred composers, contains research of forty significant works, and appears at each musical style, kind, and shape, together with tools, ensembles, and conductors.
those lavishly illustrated handbooks conceal every thing you want to recognize on topics starting from classical tune and mountain climbing to studying the way to golfing or play the guitar.

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The large contrabassoon adds a deep bass to the woodwind section. History: Both the oboe and the early bassoon first appeared in 17thcentury France. While the oboe (from hautbois, meaning “high” or “loud wood”) developed from the shawm, the bassoon’s precursors were the dulcian (“sweet sounding”) and fagot (“bundle of sticks”). Reed attached to bent crook Slender double reed Bell The tubing of the contrabassoon is twice the length of the bassoon’s Crook (metal tube that holds reed) Long levers to reach widely spaced finger holes Staple (corkcovered tube) Bore of oboe is conical Staple Distinctive bulbous bell BASSOON REED OBOE REED OBOE COR ANGLAIS Hand support FLUTES Characteristics: The air in a flute is set in motion by blowing across the edge of the embouchure hole.

Several aspects of the ars nova, the musical style typical of Machaut’s period, are detectable. These include the use of “hocket”, where a pair of voices alternates notes of a single melody, causing a disjointed effect. The harmony sounds distinctive because of the frequent use of dissonance, when notes that clash are used to drive the music forward toward the end of a phrase. INFLUENCES Machaut’s surviving output dwarfs that of any of his French contemporaries, such as the doubtlessly influential Philippe de Vitry, making fair comparison problematic.

Timpani arrived first, with other types gradually being added later. Copper or fibreglass shell Batter head Metal frame SNARE DRUM BASS DRUM TIMPANUM AND DRUM STICK Tuning pedal IDIOPHONES CYMBALS TAMBOURINE Characteristics: Cymbals are made from metal and are sounded either with a stick or by clashing a pair together. Tambourines consist of “jingles” fitted in a ring of wood, over which a membrane is sometimes fitted. They can be shaken, hit, or used to play a roll. The triangle – a steel bar bent to form an equilateral triangle – is hung from a string and may be hit with one or two metal beaters.

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