By Rui Diogo
This publication demanding situations the idea that morphological facts are inherently wrong for phylogeny reconstruction, argues that either molecular and morphological phylogenies may still play a huge function in systematics, and gives the main complete evaluation of the comparative anatomy, homologies and evolution of the pinnacle, neck, pectoral and higher limb muscle tissues of primates.
Read or Download Comparative Anatomy and Phylogeny of Primate Muscles and Human Evolution PDF
Similar developmental biology books
The aim of this module is to supply a survey of the quickly increasing box of developmental biology and to introduce it to the scholar in a unifying means. In clinical faculties the place classes in biochemistry, body structure, and pharmacology are already significantly intersecting, there's not strangely a emerging call for in glossy clinical schooling for books emphasizing the interdisciplinary technique.
Water is prime to lifestyles and all metabolic reactions are stimulated through the aqueous setting within which they take place. Osmoregulation and water stability are consequently completely crucial themes in animal body structure. Animal Osmoregulation collates a generally dispersed literature to provide a finished and authoritative synthesis of the sphere, offering designated examples of osmoregulatory tactics on the organismal, organ and mobile point.
This targeted learn of different charges of progress of elements of the physique relative to the physique as an entire represents Sir Julian Huxley's nice contribution to analytical morphology, and continues to be the root for contemporary investigations within the box.
This e-book tackles a tremendous unsolved challenge in developmental biology--how does chemistry create structure outdoors cells? The underlying speculation of this publication is that the fibers are oriented via self-assembly simply open air the cells in the course of a cellular liquid crystalline section sooner than stabilization; the writer demonstrates that the most typical orientations of the fibers are plywood laminates (orthogonal and helicoidal), and as parallel fibers.
- Advances in Genome Biology, Vol. 4: Genetics of Sex Determination
- Kidney Development, Disease, Repair and Regeneration
- Life as We Know It
- Molecular Basis of Virus Evolution
- Matrix Metalloproteinase Biology
- The Epigenome and Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
Additional resources for Comparative Anatomy and Phylogeny of Primate Muscles and Human Evolution
3). The adductor pollicis became weakly differentiated into transverse and oblique heads in the Haplorrhini, and then these heads became further differentiated in catarrhines. The fusion between the latissimus dorsi and teres major was independently acquired in Tupaia, and secondarily lost in Homininae. The opponens digiti minimi became slightly differentiated into superficial and deep bundles in the Catarrhini, and then these heads became further separated in cercopithecids. Cercopithecidae (clade 14: Colobus, Cercopithecus, Papio, Macaca) Stylohyoideus is partially pierced by the digastricus posterior and/or by the intermediate digastric tendon [11:0→1], Geniohyoideus is fused to its counterpart in the midline [57:0→1], Flexor digitorum profundus is not innervated by the ulnar nerve [111:0→1], Opponens digiti minimi has well separated superficial and deep bundles [149:1→2, ordered].
The taxonomic nomenclature mainly follows that of Fabre et al. (2009; see Chapter 2). CSVs and/or BSVs that are ≥ 94]. , Shoshani et al’s 1996 cladistic analysis included 18 extant primate genera and used 264 (mostly osteological) characters, but the chimp-human clade had a low level of support (BSV of 42)]. 159) [SEEONTHELEFT] 18 55 110 112 124 131 1 1 1 1 1 2 13 14 19 1 1 1 1 25 Fig. 2 Single most parsimonious tree (L 301, CI 58, RI 73) obtained from the analysis of the complete dataset (166 characters).
3), but not of the PU dataset (Fig. , the Cebidae is not monophyletic). ’s (2010) study and in the most recent and comprehensive molecular analysis of platyrrhine relationships (Wildman et al. 2009), it is closer to Callithrix, as it is in our study (Figs. 2). The stylohyoideus was independently lost in Cynocephalus. Callithrix (terminal taxon) Reversion of “Pterygoideus lateralis has well differentiated inferior and superior heads” [9:1→0], Reversion of “Depressor anguli oris is a distinct muscle” [39:1→0], Reversion of “Trapezius inserts onto the clavicle” [45:1→0], Trapezius does not originate 36 Comparative Anatomy and Phylogeny of Primate Muscles and Human Evolution from the cranium [48:0→1], Anterior portion of sternothyroideus extends anteriorly to the posterior portion of the thyrohyoideus [64:0→1], Reversion of “Rhomboideus major and rhomboideus minor are not distinct muscles” [69:1→0], Reversion of “Opponens pollicis is a distinct muscle” [143:1→0].