By Kenny Mathieson
Following on from mammoth Steps, comes the second one instalment in Kenny Mathieson's sequence of jazz histories. Cookin' examines the delivery and improvement of 2 of the most important jazz varieties of the post-war period, tough bop and its comparable offshoot, soul jazz. demanding bop was once the main fascinating jazz kind of its day, and is still on the center of the fashionable jazz mainstream even now. It drew at the dual poles of bebop and the blues for its beginning, spiced up with gospel, Latin and rhythm and blues impacts. The e-book seems to be on the founding fathers of the shape, paintings Blakey and Horace Silver, and is going directly to hint the track via its height decade.
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Additional info for Cookin': Hard Bop and Soul Jazz 1954-65
The large contrabassoon adds a deep bass to the woodwind section. History: Both the oboe and the early bassoon first appeared in 17thcentury France. While the oboe (from hautbois, meaning “high” or “loud wood”) developed from the shawm, the bassoon’s precursors were the dulcian (“sweet sounding”) and fagot (“bundle of sticks”). Reed attached to bent crook Slender double reed Bell The tubing of the contrabassoon is twice the length of the bassoon’s Crook (metal tube that holds reed) Long levers to reach widely spaced finger holes Staple (corkcovered tube) Bore of oboe is conical Staple Distinctive bulbous bell BASSOON REED OBOE REED OBOE COR ANGLAIS Hand support FLUTES Characteristics: The air in a flute is set in motion by blowing across the edge of the embouchure hole.
Several aspects of the ars nova, the musical style typical of Machaut’s period, are detectable. These include the use of “hocket”, where a pair of voices alternates notes of a single melody, causing a disjointed effect. The harmony sounds distinctive because of the frequent use of dissonance, when notes that clash are used to drive the music forward toward the end of a phrase. INFLUENCES Machaut’s surviving output dwarfs that of any of his French contemporaries, such as the doubtlessly influential Philippe de Vitry, making fair comparison problematic.
Timpani arrived first, with other types gradually being added later. Copper or fibreglass shell Batter head Metal frame SNARE DRUM BASS DRUM TIMPANUM AND DRUM STICK Tuning pedal IDIOPHONES CYMBALS TAMBOURINE Characteristics: Cymbals are made from metal and are sounded either with a stick or by clashing a pair together. Tambourines consist of “jingles” fitted in a ring of wood, over which a membrane is sometimes fitted. They can be shaken, hit, or used to play a roll. The triangle – a steel bar bent to form an equilateral triangle – is hung from a string and may be hit with one or two metal beaters.